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Trithemius

Rhaunen at the foot of the Idarkopf (746 m)

The Celts called the Idarwald mountain range "Id-ar", which basically means "forested heights above the country". This name seems quite appropriate for the completely forested knoll of Idarkopf (746 m) and for the highest point "An den zwei Steinen" (766 m). The Idarkopf, which is covered with a whole string of archaeological finds, is also said to be the "sacred mountain" of the Celtic tribe of Treverians, who were resident here during the Latène Age (500-20 BC). A notable find in the neighboring forested area are the remains of pre-Christian temples, one of which is a Sirona sanctuary, where a well preserved statue of the Celtic goddess Sirona has been found. Sirona was regarded as the goddess of healing springs and of the heavenly stars and was also known by the name Dirona (= star). The area around Idarkopf was most certainly already settled in pre-Celtic times, as evidenced by the nearby Menhirs (upright standing stones) from the Stone Age and Bronze Age. Among these Menhirs is the prehistoric "King's Stone" at the western end of Rhaunen, directly on the road to Stipshausen.

Photo: The prehistoric menhir "Königstein" (King's Stone) is located at the western end of Rhaunen directly on the road to Stipshausen.

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Prehistoric Menhir «King's Stone» in Rhaunen («Idarwald» Forest)
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